You have to look at the word for “the” that comes before the noun. Always try to … Lessons. The German genitive case is the case that shows possession and is expressed in English by the possessive "of" or an apostrophe ('s). Nouns are easy to spot in German sentences. For example, the German word “See” used with the masculine article (der See) means “the lake” in English. But such cases are rather rare. An interesting addendum (or extension to all words) to idober's answer:. Nouns and Articles. In German “chair” is masculine (DER Stuhl), “book” is neuter (DAS Buch) and “apartment” is feminine (DIE Wohnung). (I have seen the young lady). German nouns have another strange feature that we don’t have in English—every noun (person, place, and thing) has been assigned a gender: feminine, masculine, or neutral. It's easiest to simply memorize which gender is associated with which country in the German language as you learn the spellings of the countries themselves. Now this is very rough, because you only take into account "der,die,das" while "die" is used in more feminine inflections than "der". The German Vocab Challenge: Learn the 100 Most Used Words in a Month 1. In spoken, everyday German, von plus the dative often replaces the genitive. I don’t recommend learning words by heart but if you like to memorize words you should never learn just the nouns! German noun endings change to match the case they are in.. How do you know the gender of a word? This is the German Core 100 List. Start learning German with these words! German noun genders. In the following pages, you … Lesson Library Newest Lessons Favorites. The best way to get familiar to the gender of the German articles is to listening a lot to the German language. The German genitive case is also used with the genitive prepositions and some verb idioms. For all the rest of the cases (accusative, dative and genitive) adjectives ending take “ en ” in the masculine, and “ e ” in the feminine and neuter. When the word “See” is used with the feminine article (die See) it means “the sea” in English. Therefore, in German, the words from the above example also have genders, even though they do not originate from the characteristics of the object, but are assigned somewhat randomly. Start learning German with these words! Introduction. If you assume that none of these three categories is favoured, and you look at the distribution of articles used, you get a similar result:. Accusative: Ich habe de n schnell en Tiger gesehen (I have seen the fast tiger), Ich habe die jung e Dame gesehen. Let’s look first at what might be considered the basics of any language, but especially in the case of German: nouns and their articles. Most countries are spelled differently in German than English and they may be masculine, feminine, or neuter. And you can be sure to encounter many of the 100-plus words listed below! The genitive is used more in written German and is hardly used in spoken language. Feminine nouns ending in (-in) add - nen to form their plural. German nouns can be used with masculine (der), feminine (die) or neuter (das) articles and they are always written with a capital letter. Nouns are words that describe beings, places and things e. g. die Frau – the woman, der Bahnhof – the train station, das Wetter – the weather. Finally note that while English takes capital letter only in countries names or days… in German all nouns take a capital letter as you may have noticed in this lesson. Hallo, Pooh, you're just in time for a little smackerel of something. Sometimes, the article or gender of a noun can change the meaning of a word. Note that most German plurals add an extra - n or - en to the plural form in the dative case. It contains the most important and most frequently used German words. masculine 47% feminine 40% neuter 13%.
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